By Federico Caprotti
The writer examines the 2 so much complicated eco-city tasks: the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City in China, and Masdar urban in Abu Dhabi. those are the main striking makes an attempt at development new eco-cities to either withstand the 'crises' of the fashionable global and to take advantage of town as an engine for transition to a low-carbon economic system.
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Additional resources for Eco-Cities and the Transition to Low Carbon Economies
2007) Typology of sociotechnical transition pathways. Research Policy 36(3): 399–417; Bailey, I. and Wilson, G. (2009) Theorising transitional pathways in response to climate change: technocentrism, ecocentrism, and the carbon economy. Environment and Planning A 41(10): 2324–41. , Benneworth, P. and Truffer, B. (2012) Toward a spatial perspective on sustainability transitions. Research Policy 41(6): 968–79. Brown, H. S. and Vergragt, P. J. (2008) Bounded socio-technical experiments as agents of systemic change: the case of a zero-energy residential building.
With regards to the former, the Chinese consortium not only involves a 20 per cent stake by the China Development Bank, one of China’s three policy banks directly controlled by government ministers, it also involves a 45 per cent stake financed by private investors. The Singaporean consortium involves a 50 per cent stake held by the Keppel Corporation, as well as a 10 per cent investment by the Qatar Investment Authority and a 40 per cent stake held by several private investors. Thus, even at the level of the governing consortia, the Tianjin eco-city project is characterised by the involvement of several corporate actors as well as state investment vehicles.
The Shanghai city government could not reclassify Chongming Island as urban because doing so would have breached the Shanghai area’s conversion quota. Chongming Island had been designated as protected farmland previously, in part to enable Shanghai municipality to remain within its conversion limit. The inability to reclassify the island from rural to urban was a key driver of the project’s failure. Conversely, the farmland preservation policy can be seen as the main driver for the selection of a marshland as the site for the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City.
Eco-Cities and the Transition to Low Carbon Economies by Federico Caprotti