By Richard F. Staar (eds.)
Beginning with a quick ancient advent to the relationships among the East-Central eu countries and the USSR, this quantity discusses contemporary relatives lower than Gorbachev and tasks the near-term destiny for those unstable nations.
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Extra resources for East-Central Europe and the USSR
Such a collapse also threatened the outbreak of the repressed conflict between the minority of Russians at the core of the system and the majority of non-Russians on the periphery. At the same time, such a collapse also threatened a conflict between the Russian leaders of the "Soviet" center and nationalist spokesmen for the revival of a non-communist Russian society in a Russian republic. 22 In reality, the pro-Moscow national communist parties of Eastern Europe had been brought to power and sustained in power by the multinational Soviet armed forces, of which the Russians remained the indispensable core.
The political pillar was based on the dependence of East-Central European regimes on Moscow to stay in power. Against the backdrop of the threat of force and dominance within the Warsaw Pact, the political pillar was based on the imposition on East-Central Europe of three key principles as defined by Moscow: socialist internationalism (the Brezhnev doctrine), democratic centralism (full political control by the Soviet communist party), and the leading role of the indigenous communist party. 15 The 1989 revolution witnessed the final breakdown of all three principles.
Despite a principle that a country could participate in whatever ventures it wished, sectoral permanent commissions and some international associations had supranational authority, although this principle was vehemently rejected by CMEA nomenklatura officials. For instance, the chairman of the executive committee, Andrei Lukanov, declared: As distinct from, say, the West European Economic Community, our organization does not incorporate supra-national elements. Each of the countries retains full sovereignty in the field of its economic policy and in its economic decisions and the ways and means of managing economic life?
East-Central Europe and the USSR by Richard F. Staar (eds.)