By William G. Kepner (auth.), William G. Kepner, Jose L. Rubio, David A. Mouat, Fausto Pedrazzini (eds.)
This e-book specializes in simple suggestions: safety and desertification within the Mediterranean sector and their linkages. It emerged from a unmarried assembly of the "Workshop on Desertification within the Mediterranean sector. a safety factor" held in Valencia, Spain on 2-5 December 2003, which was once subsidized by means of the NATO technology Committee and NATO Committee at the demanding situations of contemporary Society. Desertification is famous as a technique of land degradation in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid components of the realm that's the results of normal phenomena (e.g. weather version) and anthropogenic components. the end result of this kind of degradation has usually been thought of to be both a discount or a lack of either organic and monetary productiveness. The scope of the publication contains the identity of the actual strategies of desertification particular to either the north and south Mediterranean zone. also, it in particular questions how altering environmental stipulations may possibly in all likelihood lessen balance and peace on the earth and therefore impact "environmental security." in the course of the workshop an array of presidency diplomats, safety experts, and social and actual scientists from the center East, North Africa, Europe, and North the USA reviewed the activities of previous and present Mediterranean land use practices, in particular in regard to environmental protection, environmental outcomes, and demanding situations for the longer term. The ebook is split into six certain topical components facing Linking Environmental situation to protection; Assessing nearby stipulations; Assessing Land Use swap Relative to Human-induced and ordinary reason; possibilities for nearby Cooperation and data Sharing; Soil and crops tracking; and improvement of nearby Desertification symptoms and Forecasting strategies. This ebook offers a multi-lateral discussion board for cooperation, info trade, and discussion one of the environmental, improvement, international and defense coverage groups in the Mediterranean area and hence could provide a precedent for extra cooperation and partnership, together with different extra complicated meetings and courses, on assessing the of the total quarter and the following affects and linkages to environmental defense.
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Extra resources for Desertification in the Mediterranean Region. A Security Issue
3 million Haitians emigrating since the 1980s. This problem equally constitutes an increasingly acute concern in the Mediterranean because many of the countries in Northern Africa and Southern Europe suffer from desertification. … Sixty percent of total land in Portugal and 75 percent of arable land in Turkey are at risk of desertification. Further, most of the territory in Northern Africa lies in arid and semi-arid zones, which are prone to desertification, and serve as transit zones towards Europe for migrants from sub Sahelian Africa.
Html>. 21 The CHS argued that “human security” complements “state security” by having the individual and the community as the referent whose menaces are not always those of the state, by expanding the range of the actors and by “not just protecting people but also empowering people to defend themselves”. Human security calls for a shift “from focusing on external aggression to protecting people from a range of menaces”, such as “environmental pollution, transnational terrorism, massive population movements, such infectious diseases as HIV/AIDS and long-term conditions of oppression and deprivation”.
From the Central Qurnah marsh (Iraq), ca. 80,000 to 120,000 may have crossed the border into Iran and 200,000 may have dispersed throughout Iraq. 3 million Haitians emigrating since the 1980s. This problem equally constitutes an increasingly acute concern in the Mediterranean because many of the countries in Northern Africa and Southern Europe suffer from desertification. … Sixty percent of total land in Portugal and 75 percent of arable land in Turkey are at risk of desertification. Further, most of the territory in Northern Africa lies in arid and semi-arid zones, which are prone to desertification, and serve as transit zones towards Europe for migrants from sub Sahelian Africa.
Desertification in the Mediterranean Region. A Security Issue by William G. Kepner (auth.), William G. Kepner, Jose L. Rubio, David A. Mouat, Fausto Pedrazzini (eds.)