Download e-book for kindle: Critical Reasoning: A Practical Introduction by Anne Thomson

By Anne Thomson

ISBN-10: 0203470516

ISBN-13: 9780203470510

ISBN-10: 0415241197

ISBN-13: 9780415241199

ISBN-10: 0415241200

ISBN-13: 9780415241205

Do different people's arguments tie you in knots? Do you lack the boldness on your skill to cause? Do you imagine that every thing written in newspapers has to be precise?

all of us interact within the strategy of reasoning, yet we do not consistently be aware of no matter if we're doing it good. This ebook bargains the chance to perform reasoning in a clear-headed and demanding approach, with the goals of constructing an understanding of the significance of reasoning good, and of bettering the reader's ability in examining and comparing arguments.

during this moment variation of the hugely profitable severe Reasoning , Anne Thomson has up-to-date and revised the booklet to incorporate new and topical examples so that it will advisor scholars during the techniques of serious reasoning in a transparent and interesting method.

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Additional resources for Critical Reasoning: A Practical Introduction

Sample text

Even if you do not regard this assumption as controversial, the example illustrates the way in which we can attempt to identify potentially controversial assumptions underlying the basic reasons presented in an argument. Clearly the identification of such assumptions is closely associated with evaluating the truth of reasons, which will be discussed further in the next chapter. Another example of assumptions which underlie basic reasons is provided by the passage below: Occupational accidents will never be eliminated because all human activity entails risk.

2 Allowing parents to choose the sex of their children could have serious social costs. There would be a higher percentage of males who were unable to find a female partner. Also, since it is true that 90 per cent of violent crimes are committed by men, the number of violent crimes would rise. 3 When people live in a house for a long period of time, they develop a strong commitment to the local neighbourhood. So the continued fall in house prices may have a beneficial effect. The middle classes will become enthusiastic campaigners for better schools, and against vandalism, traffic congestion and noisy neighbours.

The burglar must have left by the fire escape. This person is not in the building now, but has not been seen leaving the building, and there are guards posted at each entrance. 30 ANALYSING REASONING 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 1112 What intermediate conclusion is the policeman drawing which he has not actually stated? Is this a reasonable conclusion to draw? The policeman gives three reasons which, taken together, are intended to support the conclusion that the burglar must have left by the fire escape: Reason 1: This person is not in the building now.

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Critical Reasoning: A Practical Introduction by Anne Thomson


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