By Bernard L. Cohen
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This present day it really is recognized that the atomic nuclei are composed of smaller materials, the quarks. A quark is often sure with different quarks, forming a baryon or with an antiquark, forming a meson. The quark version was once first postulated in 1964 through Murray Gell-Mann who coined the identify quark from James Joyce's novel Finnegans Wake and via George Zweig, who then labored at CERN.
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Fleischer and S. Recksiegel, Eur. Phys. J. C38, 251 (2004); Phys. Rev. D 7 1 , 051501 (R) (2005). 130. B. Aubert et al. [BaBar Collaboration], hep-ex/0408080. 131. html. ca Canada The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN is scheduled for first collisions in 2007. In these lectures the motivations for the LHC, its physics programme and its experimental challenges are reviewed. Emphasis is given to the multi-purpose proton-proton detectors ATLAS and CMS and their physics goals. Some of the important foreseen measurements and searches are discussed, including precise measurements of the mass of the W and of the top quark, the search for the Higgs boson(s) and for supersymmetric particles.
Concepts of Nuclear Physics by Bernard L. Cohen