By L. Haagh
This e-book reexamines classical concerns within the dating among detached different types of democratization, civil, political and social--in Chile's transition to democracy through the 1990's. It highlights the lasting institutional limits tosocial democratization in international locations which are democratizing within the context ofradical industry reforms and gives an account of the politics of restricting social deepening within the the most important early years of Chile's transition, together with a close exam of the effect of neighborhood union heritage and exertions kinfolk.
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Extra info for Citizenship, Labour Markets and Democratization: Chile and the Modern Sequence (St. Antony's)
The purpose of comparing the three types of national governance here has been to suggest how the development of forms of social citizenship should be analyzed as the product of a constellation of factors. It should not be seen as a gradual or natural process of democratization. The Chilean case in 1990–1 is a modern story of the consolidation of a laissez-faire democratic regime. Still, that is only half of the tale, because the country embodied other possibilities: the years of the first democratic government, between 1990 and 1993, were decisive in settling the future role of social organizations and the state in development.
But to this we may add the problem of sorting out what key factors influence these processes at particular points in time. 36 It is also possible that within the same broad category of citizens’ rights (for example, those associated with employment) different types (as opposed to degrees) of social citizenship have developed, depending on the constellation of factors in particular cases. In the recent democratization literature, the evolutionary thesis can be identified in the guise of four supportive assumptions.
Nor can general inferences be made about the relationship between political and social democratization on the basis of the sequence history followed in Britain. Reversals and contradictory tendencies often appeared. These include the more substantive welfare approach of the Speedhamland system in an early stage of the Poor Law. The eventual ‘reunion’ of the three runners, for a time, was never a given. This complicates the analysis of social democratization (that is, the deepening of social citizenship rights).
Citizenship, Labour Markets and Democratization: Chile and the Modern Sequence (St. Antony's) by L. Haagh