By T. Cannon
Economic reforms in China begun in 1979 and initiated one of the most basic adjustments ever to take place in any kingdom. whereas permitting probably the most extraordinary monetary development the area has obvious, they've got additionally triggered one of the most profound social and environmental shifts.
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Additional info for China’s Economic Growth: The Impact on Regions, Migration and the Environment
In the 1980s it was a means for larger towns and cities to enhance their control over food and staples. This led to the phenomenon of towns and cities claiming large areas of rural counties in their hinterland (with resulting confusion about the real percentage of urban population) (Kirkby 1985). One of the key economic advantages 24 Introduction for local authorities in this ‘capturing’ process is increased access to revenues within their administrative boundary. Under the reforms, local authorities acquired much greater autonomy in determining what these could be used for and what proportion they were allowed to retain at the local level.
It is from this level of small towns and even villages that many manufacturing enterprises emerged in some areas of the country, especially in southern Jiangsu, northern Zhejiang, the Pearl River Delta, parts of Shandong, and in pockets of other coastal provinces such as Fujian. These township and village enterprises (TVEs) were able to thrive especially in parts of these provinces for reasons that vary signiﬁcantly from place to place. g. south Jiangsu and north Zhejiang) it was partly because of a tradition of commune-based rural industrialisation fostered during the Mao era.
In the Maoist economy, peasant behaviour was conﬁned to a narrow range of options, and the capacity of individuals to act independently was severely constrained by the institutional arrangements of the rural collectives (People’s Communes). But from the early 1980s the Responsibility System meant that the rural population was atomised into millions of individuals or households who are now much more capable of being ‘actors’ in their own right. The Responsibility System meant that all the land (and most other production assets and equipment) was divided up and allocated to families.
China’s Economic Growth: The Impact on Regions, Migration and the Environment by T. Cannon