New PDF release: Anonyponymous: The Forgotten People Behind Everyday Words

By John Marciano

ISBN-10: 1596916532

ISBN-13: 9781596916531

An encyclopedia of linguistic biographies: the witty, illustrated tales of the Earl of Sandwich, Charles Boycott, and different historic figures higher often called phrases than humans.

Eponymous, adj. Giving one’s identify to someone, position, or factor.

Anonymous, adj. Anonymous.

Anonyponymous, adj. Anonymous and eponymous.

The Earl of Sandwich, keen on salted pork and coupled slices of toast, came upon a unique option to consume all of them jointly. Etienne de Silhouette, a former French finance minister, used to be so notoriously reasonable that his identify grew to become a byword for chintzy practices—such as substituting a darkened define for a formal painted portrait. either bequeathed their names to the language, yet neither guy is remembered.

In this smart and humorous booklet, John Bemelmans Marciano illuminates the lives of those anonyponymous individuals. a type of encyclopedia of linguistic biographies, the ebook is prepared alphabetically, giving the tales of all people from Abu “algorithm” Al-Khwarizmi to count number Ferdinand von Zeppelin. in addition to them you'll locate the likes of Harry Shrapnel, Joseph-Ignace Guillotine, and plenty of other folks whose vernacular legacies have lengthy outlived their reminiscence.

Accented via fun line pix and brief etymological essays on matters like “superhero eponyms,” Anonyponymous is either a compendium of minutiae and a window into the interesting international of etymology.  rigorously curated and unfailingly witty, this ebook is either an exquisite present for language fanatics and a real excitement to learn.

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Empires of the Word: A Language History of the World by Nicholas Ostler PDF

By Nicholas Ostler

ISBN-10: 0066210860

ISBN-13: 9780066210865

The tale of the area within the final 5 thousand years is chiefly the tale of its languages. a few shared language is what binds any group jointly and makes attainable either the residing of a standard background and the telling of it.

Yet the background of the world's nice languages has been little or no advised. Empires of the Word, via the wide-ranging linguist Nicholas Ostler, is the 1st to assemble the stories in all their excellent sort: the fantastic options in schooling, tradition, and international relations devised through audio system of Sumerian and its successors within the center East, correct as much as the Arabic of the current day; the uncanny resilience of chinese language via twenty centuries of invasions; the charmed growth of Sanskrit from north India to Java and Japan; the attractive self-regard of Greek; the struggles that gave beginning to the languages of contemporary Europe; and the worldwide unfold of English.

Besides those epic ahievements, language disasters are both attention-grabbing: Why did German get left in the back of? Why did Egyptian, which had survived international takeovers for 3 millennia, succumb to Mohammed's Arabic? Why is Dutch unknown in sleek Indonesia, although the Netherlands had governed the East Indies for so long as the British governed India?

As this publication wonderfully and authoritatively finds, the language heritage of the realm exhibits eloquently the genuine personality of peoples; and, for the entire fresh tehnical mastery of English, not anything promises our language's long term preeminence. The language destiny, just like the language previous, can be choked with surprises.

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Patterns in Sound, Patterns in Mind: Phonological - download pdf or read online

By Matthew Andrew Goldrick

Linguistic examine has documented quite a lot of regularities in phonological
structure. inside languages, sure sound mixtures are ill-formed, by no means appearing
in phrases of the language; throughout languages, definite phonological constructions are preferred
to others. much less good understood are the categories of regularities which are encoded through the
spoken creation approach. To discover this question, part 1 describes 3 theories
regarding the categories of regularities which are encoded. those theories are: one, the Instance-
Based theory—gradient regularities according to within-language token frequency of
segmental and supra-segmental buildings are encoded; , the Lexical Distribution
theory—gradient regularities in response to within-language style frequency of segmental and
supra-segmental constructions are encoded; and 3, the Markedness theory—categorical
regularities according to cross-linguistic and within-language markedness of sub-segmental,
segmental, and supra-segmental constructions are encoded.

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Leonard Micahels, Christopher B. Ricks, Christopher B.'s The State of the Language PDF

By Leonard Micahels, Christopher B. Ricks, Christopher B. Ricks, Leonard Michaels

ISBN-10: 0520037634

ISBN-13: 9780520037632

"Sprawling, uncoordinated, asymmetric, noisy, and appealing," wrote one reviewer of the 1st version of this publication, released on 1 January 1980. "The language is in impolite health," wrote another.
Exactly a decade later, here's the publication anew, with an identical editors yet with fifty clean members writing essays and poems that have interaction our language today.
Imaginative recognition is bestowed at the alterations of modern years, alterations not just within the language yet in how language is known. within the leading edge are the relatives among British English, American English, and people different Englishes with which they compete or cooperate.
The worried negotiations of gender and feminism. The darkness of AIDS. the brilliant flicker of the pc. The previous smolderings of "standard English" and correctness. The "bad language" that has in recent years performed so good in our society. How all this has been politicized--or is it really that its necessarily political nature has simply now been recognized?
Here those and plenty of different elements of the language trap a few of the mild. What has replaced is known relating to what has now not replaced, and what has been won on the subject of what has been misplaced. there's sweep in addition to element, telescope in addition to microscope, during this contemplation of the realm of our language because it enters the realm of the 1990s.
The nation of the Language has been ready in cooperation with the English-Speaking Union of San Francisco.

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Get The Atoms of Language: The Mind's Hidden Rules of Grammar PDF

By Mark C. Baker

ISBN-10: 0465005225

ISBN-13: 9780465005222

Publish yr note: First released in 2001

Whether all human languages are essentially a similar or varied has been a topic of discussion for a long time. This challenge has deep philosophical implications: If languages are the entire related, it implies a primary commonality--and therefore mutual intelligibility--of human thought.We at the moment are at the verge of fixing this challenge. utilizing a twenty-year-old idea proposed through the world's maximum dwelling linguist, Noam Chomsky, researchers have chanced on that the similarities between languages are extra profound than the variations. Languages whose grammars appear thoroughly incompatible may possibly in truth be structurally nearly exact, apart from a distinction in a single uncomplicated rule. the invention of those principles and the way they might differ offers to yield a linguistic identical of the Periodic desk of the weather: a unmarried framework wherein we will comprehend the elemental constitution of all human language. it is a landmark step forward either inside of linguistics, so as to herewith ultimately turn into a full-fledged technology, and in our figuring out of the human brain.

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New PDF release: Handbook of Research on E-Learning Methodologies for

By Rita De Cassia Veiga Marriott

ISBN-10: 1599049945

ISBN-13: 9781599049946

ISBN-10: 1599049953

ISBN-13: 9781599049953

During the a long time, a large choice of methodologies and ways to the instructing of languages have built. within the present, know-how pushed surroundings, call for is excessive for brand new instruments and student-centered collaborative studying techniques to advertise scholars language and communicative talents. The guide of analysis on E-Learning Methodologies for Language Acquisition contributes over 50 authoritative examine reports making plans e-learning conception, pedagogy, methodologies and techniques built and carried out by way of in demand foreign authors. an important addition to the reference number of any educational library, this commanding guide of analysis will foster expert dialogue and growth between researchers, practitioners, and educators during this swiftly constructing box.

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Download PDF by Aaron D. Rubin: A brief introduction to the Semitic languages

By Aaron D. Rubin

ISBN-10: 1617198609

ISBN-13: 9781617198601

With a written historical past of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. renowned family members contain Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity presents an summary of this significant language kin, together with either historic and smooth languages. After a quick creation to the historical past of the relatives and its inner category, next chapters hide themes in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes positive aspects which are attribute of the Semitic language kinfolk as an entire, in addition to a number of the extra remarkable advancements that ensue within the person languages. this gives either a typological evaluation and an outline of extra distinctive good points. The chapters comprise ample examples from a number of languages. all of the examples comprise morpheme via morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these no longer acquainted with a given language. Concluding the publication is an in depth consultant to additional analyzing, which directs the reader to crucial reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short advent features a wealthy number of information, and covers subject matters no longer typically present in brief sketches reminiscent of this. The readability of presentation makes it invaluable not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit anything approximately this significant language kin.

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