By W. Eichhorst, O. Kaufmann, R. Konle-Seidl (auth.), Dr. Werner Eichhorst, Dr. Otto Kaufmann, Regina Konle-Seidl (eds.)
Over the decade, many industrialized international locations shifted from passive unemployment and welfare gain regimes and standard lively exertions industry and social regulations to activation concepts by way of making gain receipt conditional upon accepting activity deals or participation in lively hard work marketplace schemes. yet nations fluctuate in regards to the layout of activation tools and their implementation, the definition of objective teams and the results of activation within the nationwide hard work marketplace atmosphere. This quantity presents an up to date evaluate of activation innovations in unemployment profit structures and social suggestions in chosen eu international locations and the united states. a specific concentration lies at the improvement of activation schemes, governance and implementation in addition to at the results of activation when it comes to hard work marketplace and social integration. the amount is the 1st to handle those concerns either from a socio-economic and a felony perspective.
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Additional info for Bringing the Jobless into Work?: Experiences with Activation Schemes in Europe and the US
28 W. Eichhorst, M. Grienberger-Zingerle, and R. Konle-Seidl Complementary to activating instruments in a more narrow sense, SGB II comprises enabling schemes such as labour market policy programs (§ 16 (1) SGB II) and other social services like child care provision or help in case of social problems like drug abuse, debt or housing (§ 16(2) SGB II) that have been conceived in order to facilitate labour market integration of employable benefit recipients, but do not reinforce benefit conditionality.
This holds in particular for long-term unemployed without vocational training, over 50 years of age, with severe health problems or a migration background especially in regions with high unemployment. About 400,000–600,000 people assessed as capable of working obviously have severe barriers to labour market integration. Eligibility criteria are detailed in § 10 SGB II and regulate what kind of work jobseekers can reject without risking curtailment of UB II. In principle, the person capable of working but in need of assistance can reasonably be expected to accept any kind of work.
In sum, the grounds of unreasonable hardship under § 10 SGB II are much more narrowly defined than those under the Third Book of the Social Code SGB III and, in part, have even been tightened vis-à-vis antecedent regulations on social assistance. At present, there is no evidence to suggest that established administrative practice or court rulings undermine the activating function of strict eligibility rules. 5 The personal integration agreement The results from an individual profiling process at the employment offices are set out in a binding integration agreement.
Bringing the Jobless into Work?: Experiences with Activation Schemes in Europe and the US by W. Eichhorst, O. Kaufmann, R. Konle-Seidl (auth.), Dr. Werner Eichhorst, Dr. Otto Kaufmann, Regina Konle-Seidl (eds.)