The ebook collects a range of the papers offered on the assembly held within the context of the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). spotting the inextricable hyperlink among organic and cultural range, the United international locations academic medical and Cultural association (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the conference on organic range (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 introduced the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). the 1st assembly for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was once held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence statement, which highlights the concept that of biocultural variety. the ecu rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional panorama, supplying a very important and potent area for integration of organic and cultural range, suggesting the necessity to revise many of the present concepts for the review and administration of biodiversity.
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Extra info for Biocultural Diversity in Europe (Environmental History, Volume 5)
Emanueli Loreau M (2000) Are communities saturated? On the relationship between α, β and γ diversity. Ecol Lett 3:73–76 Loreau M, Mouquet N, Gonzalez A (2010) Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes. Nat Acad Sci 100(22):12765–12770 Marull J, Tello E, Fullana N, Murray I, Jover G, Font C, Coll F, Domene E, Le V, Decolli T (2015) Long-term socio-ecological transition at different spatial scales: exploring the intermediate disturbance hypothesis in cultural landscapes (Mallorca, 1856-2012).
2011). Considering these mixed and complex forms of agro-forestry systems and landscapes, in which the tree holds a central role, a better deﬁnition and clariﬁcation of the role of the “Mediterranean garden” in the traditional rural landscape certainly seems necessary. This deﬁnition is so often generically associated with the countless different agricultural and agro-forestry systems and landscapes that have been produced by the complex and intricate historic processes that have lead to their cultural deﬁnition and evolution.
The general distribution shows and increasing importance of these complex systems of land use/cover types, and related patched landscapes, moving from Northern Italy to the South (in the Central Mediterranean Basin). 1 The Mediterranean Garden and Landscape Deﬁnition Requires Clariﬁcation The word “garden” (“giardino” in Italian, “jardin” in French) with which fruit orchards are frequently deﬁned in the Mediterranean area, goes back to the ancient Indo-Germanic ghordo, which means an enclosure, and the Greek chortos, Latinized as hortus meaning “small cultivated enclosure” (Venturi Ferriolo 1989).
Biocultural Diversity in Europe (Environmental History, Volume 5)