By Tridib Banerjee
Much of the study on which this publication is predicated was once funded nearly a decade in the past by way of separate offers from diversified enterprises of the U. S. Public wellbeing and fitness provider, of the then nonetheless consolidated division of healthiness, schooling, and Welfare. the 1st provide was once from the Bureau of group Environmental administration (Public future health provider learn furnish J-RO J EM 0049-02), and the second one from the heart for reports of Metropolitan difficulties of the nationwide Institute of psychological future health (Public healthiness provider supply ROJ MH 24904-02). those separate promises have been important due to price range cuts that truncated our unique attempt. We have been lucky to obtain next the help of NIMH to finish the learn, because it is uncertain undertaking of the scope and purpose of our effort--even as accomplished in abbreviated form-will be funded within the Eighties. the unique purpose of this undertaking, as formulated by means of our colleagues Ira Robinson and Alan Kreditor, and as conceptualized previous through their predeces sors-members of an advisory committee of planners and social scientists ap pointed through the yankee Public wellbeing and fitness organization (APHA)-was to rewrite making plans the local, APHA's urged criteria for residential layout. specifically, it was once proposed that the recent examine take the perspective of the consumer when it comes to residential criteria. Hitherto, the non-public region had domi nated those issues (i. e. , the designer's predilections, the necessities of developers and fabric providers, and creditors' wishes for loan security).
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Extra info for Beyond the Neighborhood Unit: Residential Environments and Public Policy
Thus, the values underlying the neighborhood unit concept have been diverse. The values of family, neighborliness, community, and group identity have been paramount, but ideals of grass roots democracy and community control have also played roles. Additionally, goals of personality and social develop- 24 CHAPTER 2 ment, as well as civic responsibility have been a part of these contextual values. Safety, security, appearance, beauty and visual identity, naturalness of surroundings, and overall physical-spatial order are some of the components of the manifest values.
Racelethnicity. The categories chosen were white, black, and Hispanic (Spanish surname). I THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT AND RESPONDENT IMPRESSIONS 39 2. Income. Household income was divided into three categories: upper, middle, and lower~esignations commonly used by practitioners. The exact categories (in 1970 dollars) are shown in Table 1, Appendix II. 3. Stage in the family cycle. Three categories were used: (a) families with children; (b) families without children (living with them) and with the head of the family under 62 years-the "childless"; and (c) families without children (living with them) where the head of the family was over 62-the "elderly.
Size. A residential unit development should provide for that population for which one elementary school is ordinarily required, its actual area depending upon its population density. 2. Boundaries. The unit should be bounded on all sides by arterial streets, sufficiently wide to facilitate its by-passing. instead of penetration, by through traffic. 3. Open Spaces. A system of small parks and recreation spaces, planned to meet the needs of the particular neighborhood, should be provided. 4. Institution Sites.
Beyond the Neighborhood Unit: Residential Environments and Public Policy by Tridib Banerjee