By George O'Brien
Книга An Essay at the monetary results of the Reformation An Essay at the fiscal results of the ReformationКниги Экономика Автор: George O'Brien Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Ihs Press Страниц: 176 Размер: 2,9 ISBN: 0971828628 Язык: Английский 34 (голосов: 1) Оценка:This paintings deals a different point of view at the upward push of capitalism and socialism and the impact of the Reformation. particular themes contain results of trust within the inner most judgment of scriptures; separation of non secular and secular lifestyles; distinction among Lutheran and Calvinist teachings on economics; the Calvinist suggestion of vocation; its belief of fabric good fortune as an indication of divine election; its compliment of frugality and disdain for attractiveness. additionally coated is socialism as a response to excesses of capitalism; the style within which Protestantism had bolstered secular authority; diminuation of charity towards the negative following Reformation; materialism underlying socialism abetted by way of Protestant emphasis on earthly prosperity; egalitarian rules traceable to Protestantism; and the convenience with which socialism mixed into Protestant idea. this can be a designated paintings of financial philosophy in that it examines the ideological motives of the industrial adjustments of the interval, hence providing a clean philosophical viewpoint instead of basically the mathematical or statistical aspects of the query.
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90 Luther and the other reformers endeavoured to stimulate a spirit of charity in their followers, but they did not seem to realize that they had taken away the principal inducement to such good works. Many of Luther’s attempts at organizing voluntary charity among his followers broke down, and he was driven to complain of the want of charity among his disciples, and reluctantly to admit that they had been more charitable under the old faith. 92 Certainly, some new system of poor relief was made necessary by the destruction of the old system; but, in order to say whether the maker of this great change deserves congratulation or not upon his achievement, we must inquire whether or not the new system was superior to that which it displaced.
14 On such matters as usury and fixed prices, Luther harked back to the harsh and unbending standards of the early Middle Ages, and refused to consider the refinements which the later scholastics had introduced in order to facilitate the development of the new movements in commerce and industry that were beginning to appear in the fifteenth century. Indeed, in this, as in many other matters, Luther is guilty of presenting a totally false picture both of the practice and the teaching of the later medieval Church, which can be accounted for only on the hypothesis of deliberate misrepresentation or on that of crass ignorance.
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An Essay on the Economic Effects of the Reformation by George O'Brien