By Jagdish Chander Dagar, Anil Kumar Singh, Ayyanadar Arunachalam
Agroforestry, the be aware coined in early seventies, has made its position in all of the constructed and the constructing nations of the realm and is now well-known as a massive method of making sure nutrition defense and rebuilding resilient rural environments. India has been an all-time chief in agroforestry. The South and Southeast Asia area comprising India is frequently defined because the cradle of agroforestry. just about all sorts of agroforestry platforms exist throughout India in ecozones starting from humid tropical lowlands to high-altitude and temperate biomes, and perhumid rainforest zones to parched drylands. the rustic ranks premiere one of the neighborhood of countries not just by way of this huge, immense variety and lengthy culture of the perform of agroforestry, but in addition in fostering medical advancements within the topic. Agroforestry applies to non-public agricultural and wooded area lands and groups that still contain hugely erodible, flood-prone, economically marginal and environmentally delicate lands. the common scenario is agricultural, the place bushes are extra to create wanted merits. Agroforestry permits the diversification of farm actions and makes larger use of environmental assets. due to a rise within the inhabitants of human and farm animals, there's expanding call for of nutrition in addition to fodder, rather in constructing international locations like India. to date, there is not any coverage that offers with specifics in agroforestry in India. yet, the Indian Council of Agricultural study has been discussing at the scope of getting a countrywide Agroforestry coverage in applicable structures. even though, evolving a coverage calls for stable and trustworthy datasets from various corners of the rustic at the subject material. This synthesis quantity containing thirteen chapters is an try to collate on hand info in a categorized demeanour into assorted process ecologies, difficulties and options, and converging them right into a coverage support.
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Additional info for Agroforestry Systems in India: Livelihood Security & Ecosystem Services
The conservation of natural resources is not only essential for the food and livelihood security of the Himalayan states but also for the entire country. The hydrological potential of these states consists of vast and rich water resources as glaciers, rivers, and lakes. 2. In Uttrakhand 31 natural lakes covering an area of about 300 ha and eight large-sized manmade reservoirs in Tehri and Udham Singh Nagar districts are covering an area of 20,075 ha. The Tehri dam is the largest dam in Uttrakhand followed by Sharda reservoir with 25 6,880 ha water area and Nanak Sagar reservoir with water area of 4,084 ha is the third largest in the state.
34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. M. serrata Ougeinia oojeinensis Picea smithiana 300–1200 Furniture, toys, sports goods, fodder Cart, carriage, building construction, fodder agricultural implements, and edible fruits Planking, general filling and joinery, packing cases (continued) 38 S. D. Kashyap et al. 5 (continued) S. Name of species No. Climatic zone Altitudinal range (m amsl) Method of planting Uses \1500 \1500–2500 \400 SL SL BC,DS 1500–2500 SL, BC Timber, resin, pulpwood Timber, resin, pulpwood Packing cases, fuel, agricultural implements, fruits-edible, yield fatty oil, fodder Ornamental, fuel, cheap timber 60.
A. lebbek A. procera Alnus nepalensis A. nitida Anogeissus latifolia Artocarpus lakoocha Azadirachta indica Bambusa balcoa Timber, fodder, fuel and shaded tree in tea gardens Timber, fodder, medicinal, fuel Fodder, fuel, and timber Timber, fuel, soil conservation Timber, fuel, soil conservation Fuel and fodder \1000 21. B. tulda \1000 22. Bauhinia variegata Betula alnoides B. utilis Bombax ceiba \1200 Rhizomes, offsets Rhizomes, offsets SL, DS Timber, bark and seed—medicine, insecticidal, fertilizer Constructional purposes, paper and pulp, cottage industry Constructional purposes, mats, basket, young shoot pickled, and eaten Cherry gum, bark-dye and medicine, fodder, fuel, flower buds vegetables Plywood, furniture, tool handles Bark papery (Bhojpatra), timber, fodder Match industry, plywood 3.
Agroforestry Systems in India: Livelihood Security & Ecosystem Services by Jagdish Chander Dagar, Anil Kumar Singh, Ayyanadar Arunachalam