By Michelle Holder
This publication analyzes the prestige and place of African American males within the U.S. hard work marketplace sooner than, in the course of, and after the good Recession. utilizing a version of occupational crowding, the publication outlines how the illustration of African American males in significant occupational different types nearly universally declined throughout the contemporary recession whilst white non-Hispanic males have been capable of retain their occupational illustration within the face of astonishing activity losses. utilizing US Census Bureau information, this publication illustrates how African American males sought to insulate their crew from devastating task losses through expanding their academic attainment in a task marketplace the place employers exercised extra leverage in hiring. even though, this process was once not able to guard this team from disparate task losses as African American males turned extra marginalized within the crew throughout the nice Recession. coverage ways to deal with excessive African American male unemployment are defined within the ultimate chapter.
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Extra resources for African American Men and the Labor Market during the Great Recession
These researchers updated Bergmann’s findings by examining not only occupations requiring a high school diploma or less but also occupations requiring higher educational attainment levels. Black male crowding scores, or indices, were assigned to occupational categories by estimating the share of black males that would be expected in an occupation given the share of black men in the working-age population who possess the required educational credentials for that occupation. Analyzing 1990 census data, Gibson et al.
12. ” 13. Author Analysis of American Community Survey Data for 2002–2006. 14. Murphy Institute for Worker Education and Labor Studies and the Center for Urban Research, City University of New York, 2012. 15. php/databytes/union-membership-bytes/union-membership-holds-steadyin-2011 16. ” 17. net/publications/reports/unions-and-upwardmobility-for-african-american-workers 18. Schmitt, “Unions and Upward Mobility,” 1–2. 19. cfm 20. Leonard, “The Effect of Unions on the Employment of Blacks, Hispanics, and Women,” Industrial and Labor Relations Review Vol.
Holder necessary educational credentials for that occupation in the denominator. A crowding index of less than 1 means that black men are underrepresented in that occupation, and an index greater than 1 means that black men are overrepresented, and thus “crowded,” in that occupation. The occupational crowding index may be represented by the following formula: (B (B j ij ) / CP ) / LFj ij where Bj is all African American men employed in occupation j, LFj is the total labor force in occupation j, Bij is all African American men who possess the ith educational attainment level for the jth occupation and CPij is the portion of the civilian population who possess the ith educational attainment level for the jth occupation.
African American Men and the Labor Market during the Great Recession by Michelle Holder