By Rega Wood (auth.)
The English Franciscan thinker and theologian, Adam of Wodeham (d. 1358), used to be a disciple and good friend of William of Ockham; he was once additionally a pupil of Walther Chatton. however, he used to be an autonomous philosopher who didn't hesitate to criticize his former academics - Ockham sporadically and benevolently, Chatton, often and aggressively. when you consider that W odeham constructed his personal doctrinal place by way of a radical serious exam of present reviews, the 1st a part of this introduc tion in short outlines the positions of the executive figures within the English controversy over indivisibles. the second one a part of the advent pre sents a precis of Wodeham's perspectives within the Tractatus de indivisibilibus, lists the contents of the treatise, and considers the query of its date and its chronological place within the context of Wodeham's different works. within the 3rd half, the editorial tactics used listed here are set forth. 1. THE INDIVISIBILIST CONTROVERSY within the literature of the thirteenth and 14th centuries, the time period 'indivisible' refers to an easy, un prolonged entity. for this reason, those indivisibles aren't actual atoms yet both mathematical issues, temporal instants or indivisibles of movement, often referred to as mutata esse. I THOMAS BRADWARDINE (d. 1349), approximately modern with Wodeham, labeled the positions it used to be attainable to take concerning indivisibles. He defined his personal view because the universal view, that of "Aristotle, A verroes, and lots of the moderns," in keeping with which a "continuum was once no longer composed of atoms (athomis) yet of components divisible with no end.
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Extra resources for Adam de Wodeham: Tractatus de Indivisibilibus: A Critical Edition with Introduction, Translation, and Textual Notes
But he disagrees regarding infinity. For he maintains - more rationally as it seems to me, and yet if he is to sustain the principal conclusion which seems to me very irrational ... - that every finite continuum is composed of points finite in number. 23 [Aristotle's objections against Chattonj 19. Suppose that you object against him on the basis of the Philosopher's authority that every continuum is infinitely divisible; that no continuum is composed of indivisibles; that a body is not composed of surfaces, nor surfaces of lim:s, nor lines of points; and that an indivisible added to an indivisible, even in a distinct position, touches the whole, otherwise it would be divisible: 24 [Chatton's replies to these argumentj 20.
Sunt in eodem situ immediate, et per consequens non faciunt maius intensive. Nec secundum potest dari, quia tunc non esset indivisibile, quia haberet partem et partem. Si tertium, igitur non faciunt unum extensive C 4 secundum totum] primo modo A II facit] erit A 6-8 per ... ) cum aliquid aliquid secundum totum est superponitur C 7 cum] ad A 9 dedarat] dedaratur C I Nam] ideo non A 10 fit Averroes, est C am. AB, alia adds AC, but del. ) C, a-a adds B II magnitudo] latitudo corr. ex longitudo C 11 quod] quam C 12 profundum] profunditatem C 13 est] erit C I poneretur] ponetur C 14 punctus] punctum C I indivisibilis] divisibilis A, indivisibile C 15-16 Haec ...
Si vero a non a dextris tangatur a c, necessario sequitur quod b sit divisibile in dextrum et sinistrum. 10. Idem argumentum potest fieri de a et b: Quia, si a et b componant maius extensive, oportebit quod unum applicetur alteri immediate indivisibili, et tunc vel erunt in eodem situ primo - et hoc est propositum - vel unum situabitur ad unam differentiam et alterum ad aliam, utpote unum sursum et aliud deorsum, unum a dextris et aliud 2 idem] ibi C I apud me om. C 3 ista om. C I Accipiantur] Accipio C 3-4 ut in paucioribus via magis sit om.
Adam de Wodeham: Tractatus de Indivisibilibus: A Critical Edition with Introduction, Translation, and Textual Notes by Rega Wood (auth.)